Using an Overlay Zoning Ordinance to Create Strong Source-Water Protection for Groundwater Quality and Quantity
Monday, December 4, 2017: 2:30 p.m.
Source-Water Protection Plans for public water-supply wells or springs delineate Zones I, II, and III, and create strong wellhead protection only for Zone I. These plans do not provide strong protection for Zones II and III, because they offer only guidance and recommendations for these Zones. This presentation will show how the Ferguson Township, Centre County, Pennsylvania Source-Water Protection Municipal Overlay Zoning Ordinance provides strong and effective protection for both the quality and quantity of its groundwater that is the source-water for 29 public water-supply wells and one public water-supply spring. This innovative overlay zoning ordinance incorporates the many existing state, regional, and municipal environmental regulations into its overlay function to put teeth into the source-water protection plans. There is a high potential to apply this overlay municipal zoning concept elsewhere to effectively protect the source groundwater in Zones II and III of other existing source-water protection plans.