Regeneration of Granular Activated Carbon used for Polyfluorinated Substance (PFAS) Remediation
All the experiments were conducted in polypropylene centrifuge tubes. Initially, virgin (uncontaminated) GAC was exposed to aqueous PFOA and PFOS solution in a batch reactor and develop sorption kinetics. Contaminated GAC was eluted with various solvent combinations. Eluents were collected for analyses at a few time intervals to assess the desorption efficiency and kinetics. Followed by desorption of the PFOA and PFOS contaminated GAC, sorption isotherm batch reactor experiments were conducted. The GAC was again exposed to aqueous PFOA and PFOS solution to evaluate the sorption capacity of the regenerated GAC. The PFOA and PFOS was analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, LC-MS/MS.
The solid to liquid ratio was determined to be 5mg/50 mL. The laboratory batch sorption kinetics data showed 99 – 100% removal of PFOA and PFOS to GAC in 10 days. Increasing hydrophobicity and basicity showed to have better desorption capacity. The presentation discusses the sorption and desorption kinetics of GAC and development of the regeneration method for the spent GAC.