Vulnerability analysis for the Mexican Valle de Puebla aquifer supported by the fourth industrial revolution.

Presented on Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Carlos Patino-Gomez, Dr1, Eduardo Guevara, Student2, Polioptro F. Martinez-Austria, Dr2 and Benito Corona-Vasquez, Dr2, (1)Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, (2)Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, San Andrés Cholula, PU, Mexico

The relevance of mapping aquifer vulnerability lies in the fact that underground water is the main freshwater supply source for domestic, agricultural, public-urban and industrial use in many Mexican hydrological watersheds. Two issues were addressed in this project: Vulnerability and overexploitation. Firstly, the vulnerability methodology is described: After the description of the area, the selection of the methodology for the aquifer vulnerability was made. In the present work, both the GIS-supported aquifer pollution vulnerability mapping and the overexploitation vulnerability diagnosis were conducted for the Valle de Puebla aquifer. The results show that its vulnerability values oscillate within the corresponding interval to moderate vulnerability. If the metrics of the moderate interval are considered, the following comments can be made: In the north-central area, the highest values of vulnerability are found. Inversely, in the south-centre, the lowest vulnerability values are found. Additionally, it must be said that in the east zone, where Puebla City is found, intermediate values of vulnerability were found, with a relatively homogeneous distribution between the north and the south. This project can conclude that the municipal-scale analysis allows identifying the critical areas where aquifer protection policies must be instrumented. However, a few comments must be made: In the zone that presents higher vulnerability values there is no trace of the wells studied in this work, which is a good indicator because it means that the exposure grade of the aquifer to the intrusion of contaminants in surface water is reduced. Finally, it is important to mention that the scope of the pollution vulnerability mapping in this work deals only with contaminants intrusion from surface water. Hence, hydrogeochemical analysis must be made to complement this work.

Carlos Patino-Gomez, Dr
Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla
Dr. Carlos Patiño-Gómez received the PhD and Post-PhD from the Environmental and Civil Engineering Department at the University of Texas at Austin. He was the deputy coordinator of integrated water management department and coordinator of climate change group in the Mexican Institute of Water Technology. He has participated as leader of research projects related with water planning and management in transboundary river basins between Mexico and the United States of America, and leader of research projects related with water planning and management in the Mexican hydrological river basins. Actually, Dr. Patiño is the Mexican National Contact Point in Environmental and Climate Change appointed by the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico, and belongs to the National Researchers System in Mexico. Also, he is full professor at the Universidad de la Americas Puebla, working on water management, biodiversity and climate change projects.

Eduardo Guevara, Student
Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, San Andrés Cholula, PU, Mexico
David Eduardo Guevara Polo is an undergraduate student at the Universidad de las Americas Puebla. He belongs to the Honor graduate program at UDLAP. During my undergrad studies I was evolved in several projects related with surface and groundwater management, participating in several challenges. Recently, I was recognized with the Bentley and Mexican Hydraulic Association Award for the civil engineering students during the last conference.
Polioptro F. Martinez-Austria, Dr
Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, San Andrés Cholula, PU, Mexico
Polioptro F. Martinez-Austria received his Ph.D. from the National Autonomous University of Mexico. He has been General Director of the Mexican Institute of Water Technology and Vice President of the UNESCO International Hydrological Program. He is currently Professor and Director of the UNESCO Chair on Hydrometeorological Risks at Universidad de las Américas Puebla. He is the author of 192 academic publications, including 165 scientific and technological articles, author or co-author of 13 books and 22 book chapters. He has also been editor of 15 books. He is co-author of five patents. He has received several national and international awards. He is a member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences, of the Academy of Engineering of Mexico, of which he was secretary; of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research, of the International Water Resources Association and of the Mexican Association of Hydraulics, of which he was its president.
Benito Corona-Vasquez, Dr
Civil and environmental engineering, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, San Andrés Cholula, PU, Mexico
Benito Corona-Vasquez is the academic director of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Universidad de las Amricas Puebla (UDLAP). He is a full professor in the doctorate program in Water Sciences and member of the UNESCO-UDLAP chair on hydrometeorological risks. Professor Corona received a Fulbright-CONACYT García-Robles fellowship and obtained his masters and doctorate degrees in Environmental Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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